Additive manufacturing is another term for 3D printing. This method entails utilising a printer to turn an electronic or digital file into a tangible thing. The device gradually builds up layers of material as the item takes shape. Plastic, metal, or a variety of other materials could be used.
To produce a three-dimensional object, start with a virtual model of the item you want to make. A modelling application can be used to produce something wholly new, or a 3D scanner can be used to make a replica of anything that already exists. A 3D scanner makes a digital copy of an object and imports it into a modelling application for replication.
The digital file is sliced horizontally into several very thin layers by the application. After that, the application sends it to a 3D printer for printing. The technology then blends all of the layers together to make the slices disappear, resulting in a three-dimensional sculpture.
Laser fusing with the help of a powder that fuses between the layers of material is used in the selective laser sintering procedure. This technique was first created in the 1980s. Another method is fused deposition modelling, which uses a metal wire or a plastic filament to melt material and generate fused layers. In the late 1980s, this type of production was developed. Stereolithography is the process of forming a solid from a liquid and layering it on top of itself to form a figure or item. The layers are hardened by an ultraviolet laser light. This method was first used in 1986.
Applications in the Business World
This printing technique has a wide range of applications in a variety of sectors. Doctors can make models of the human body and organs for use in research and education in the medical business. Architects can make model scales of structures to present to clients in the architectural sector. It's also conceivable to make parts or objects that are now created on assembly lines in the automotive industry, as well as in the manufacturing of industrial equipment and consumer goods. As companies change the way they generate the parts they need for their products, this big shift in assembly could result in significant cost reductions.
Applications for Individuals
Although 3D printing is still a costly prospect due to the high cost of the equipment, prices are beginning to come down to a more realistic level, allowing consumers to experiment with the technology. The cost of equipment to allow a home enthusiast to experiment with this method ranges from $200 to $3,500+, depending on the printer.
Others who want to learn more about the process can build a digital file on a computer and then send it to a 3D printing service to have the object created. You may either take your digital file to a business and have it printed there, or you can upload it to a website and have it printed there. The company will create your object and ship it to you when you pay for the process.